Olympic Games

Olympic Games
Print This Article

The Olympics are one of the most awaited international sports events where many athletes take part in and become champions of the world. It takes place every two years with alternating summer and winter games.

HISTORY

According to history, the first Olympic Games were held in 776BC and were dedicated to Olympian gods. They were held on the plains of Olympia, which is in the western part of Peloponnese. Magnificent buildings, grand temples, elaborate shrines and sporting facilities were part of these events. The most popular events were horse and chariot racing, as well as wrestling.

The Olympic Games were closely related to religious festivals like the cult of Zeus. These games were aimed to show physical strength and to honor the gods as well. These games were also played to maintain good and peaceful relations between the cities of Greece. Ancient games also included wrestling, boxing, running, jumping and discus throwing.

The winners of the events were admired and appreciated through ceremonies and feasts, as well as with honorary poems. The Games were held every four years, just like today.

Olympic Games reached its peak in 6th and 5th centuries BC and then became less and less important when the Romans gained power over Greece. In 393 AD, the Ancient Games in Greece came to an end when the emperor Theodosius I declared them a pagan cult and abolished them indefinitely.

MODERN OLYMPICS

The first “Olympics” since the Ancient Games were the Cotswold Games or “Cotswold Olympic Games”, an annual meeting in England which involved various sports.

The Modern Olympics began in 1896, and there have been 27 Summer Olympic Games held in 22 different cities and 21 Winter Olympic Games held in 18 different cities since then. The following countries have hosted the Games: Greece, France, U.S., UK, Sweden, Germany, Belgium, Switzerland, Japan, Italy, Finland, Canada, Spain, South Korea, China, Brazil, Russia, Yugoslavia, Holland, Mexico, and Austria.

The Summer Games include events such as Archery, Athletics, Badminton, Basketball, Beach Volleyball, Boxing, Canoe Slalom, Canoe Sprint, BMX Cycling, Mountain Cycling, Road Cycling, Diving, Equestrian / Dressage, Equestrian / Jumping, Fencing, Soccer, Gymnastics, Basketball, and many others.

Winter games are Alpine Skiing, Biathlon, Bobsleigh, Cross Country Skiing, Curling, Figure Skating, Freestyle Skiing, Ice Hockey, Luge, Nordic Combined, Short Track Speed Skating, Skeleton, Ski Jumping, Snowboard and Speed skating.

 

PC2018.com

  Article "tagged" as:
  Categories: