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The Paralympics are a special sporting event comprising of multiple sports and games. The most important aspect regarding Paralympics is that the event is designed and carried out entirely for athletes and sportspeople with intellectual and physical disabilities. The Paralympics are organized in coordination with the Olympic Games, running side by side along with them. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) and the International Paralympic Committee (IPC) came to terms and signed an agreement which ensures that the host cities will manage both the Olympic Games and the Paralympic Games simultaneously.

The categories for Paralympics are defined by the International Paralympic Committee (IPC). These Categories include:


The category of physical impairment is further divided into eight different categories, and athletes are placed according to the categories they are most suitable for. These categories are as follows:

  • Limb Deficiency or Loss of Limb, which includes athletes with partial or total absence of limbs.
  • Impaired Muscle Power – includes people with muscle wasting.
  • Impaired Range of Movement – includes athletes with reduced movement in joints.
  • Short Stature – includes athletes with shorter than usual stature due to an abnormality.
  • Leg-Length Difference – includes athletes with bone shortening on either one of the legs due to any abnormality.
  • Hypertonia is one of the sub categories which accommodate athletes and sportsmen with the condition of hypertonia, which usually occurs due to central nervous system disorders.
  • Athetosis – includes athletes with uncontrolled and involuntary jerky movements and who have difficulty maintaining a proper posture.
  • Ataxia is the last sub category of the physical impairment, in which athletes having uncoordinated movements are added.



This category includes those athletes and sportsman having a severe impairment in intellectual functioning.


This final category includes people with visual disabilities, which include partial or complete loss of vision.


The Paralympics are organized in the Summer Paralympic Games & Winter Paralympic Games. The summer Paralympics include athletics, cycling, archery, soccer, judo, swimming, shooting, and table tennis, to name just a few. On the other hand, the Winter Paralympics include para-snowboarding, ice sledge hockey, wheel chair curling, alpine skiing, biathlon and cross – country skiing.

There are numerous important measures taken for the arrangement, promotion and proper coverage of the Paralympics around the world. This is to spread awareness among disabled people to participate in sporting events and activities, and to spread awareness about disabilities in general. Media coverage, although not as strong as in the Olympics, is provided, and an array of organizations and parties help in funding for the entire event. Major sponsors help in funding, support and coverage of these Paralympics to create awareness regarding the importance of sports for the disabled.